The Crusades to the Holy Land and Egypt (Causes) World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society, ABC-CLIO (2011) In the popular imagination, there were only a handful of well-known ‘numbered’ crusades to the Holy Land and Egypt. Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (1096–1102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. From then on, Jerusalem had been passed between various Islamic empires, and at the time of the Crusade was being fought over by the Fatamid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire. But far from unifying Christians, the establishment of a Latin empire only further divided them. A D atabase of C rusaders to the Holy Land | 1095 - 1149. To do acts of merit and so win righteousness so that their sins or the sins of their loved ones would be forgiven. The Crusades stand as one of the key historical milestones of the Middle Ages. Holy Land Crusades: Home - Holy Land Voyager > Christian Travel Guide > Christian Origins > Holy Land Crusades The Holy Land Crusades, lead by the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church with the intent of conquering Jerusalem and overpowering the Muslim rule, were a series of pilgrimage travels taken by devout believers (namely soldiers) from the European continent to the Holy Land. 9 Crusades into the Holy Land. THE CRUSADES TO THE HOLY LAND "Undertake this journey for the remission of your sins, Pope Innocent made the best of the situation in the hope that the temporary union of the Greek and Latin churches under the Roman papacy might become permanent. For absolution of their sins as Popes promised absolution of any sins committed while on crusade. The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims over control of the Holy Land. Compiled by J. S. C. Riley-Smith, Jonathan Phillips, Alan V. Murray, Guy Perry and Nicholas Morton . Subsequent crusades and the continued Western presence in Palestine for much of the twelfth century meant that there were ample opportunities for crusaders, other pilgrims, and the new Latin inhabitants of the Holy Land to acquire additional relics. There were eight major Crusades beginning in 1095 departing from Europe to free Jerusalem and aid Christianity in the Holy Land. The Holy Land was and still is a place that is very important for the three major monotheistic religions: Islam , Judaism , and Christianity . It sought to reclaim Jerusalem and other sacred places to Christianity from the Muslims. Crusades, military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by western European Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion. However, there were many 'minor' crusades launched during the medieval period. These involved such legendary figures as Godfrey of Bouillon, Richard the Lionhearted, and Saint Louis IX of France. Their primary objectives were to stop the expansion of Muslim states, to reclaim for Christianity the Holy Land in the Middle East, and to recapture territories that … It was a series of nine religious wars between the European Christians and the Muslims to secure the holy places. The Northern or Baltic Crusades were military campaigns organised by popes and western rulers to convert pagans to Christianity in the 12th to 15th century CE. Unlike in the Holy Land, where military campaigns were aimed at liberating former Christian lands from Muslim rule, the crusades in Prussia, Livonia (modern Estonia) and Lithuania were aimed at converting the local pagan population.