> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. To wake him up eventually, but not right away. Verse 10.] The answer? Up to this point Ruth has obeyed Naomi, meaning she has bathed, perfumed herself, dressed in her best garments, avoided contact with Boaz and after he has fallen asleep, she … 15. and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. But the promise of a king goes even farther back than that. He will tell you what to do.'" It would fly in the face of what we’ve seen of the characters thus far. Israel was supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land that the Lord gave them. What happened to him? 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. [So, Boaz encourages Ruth’s boldness. Exploring the Passage. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. That’s – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet. OK, so the question is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz might have to marry Ruth? She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Naomi, an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband and her sons and is returning in absolute poverty. And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. She uncovers his feet. Mahlon. Is there some sort of cultural expectation that would strongly influence Boaz in that direction? But why the secrecy? See more. Why doesn’t he come to her? And if that’s all that you knew, you might be a little confused. Naomi wants Ruth taken care of. Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. Orpah does but Ruth refuses. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? Exploring the Passage. And in those chapters we saw the godly man from Bethlehem named Boaz being very kind and gracious to a Moabite named Ruth. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Ruth 3:10, NASB: "Then he said, 'May you be blessed of the LORD, my daughter. She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. Now, all of these events happened when? And again those boys died, leaving their Moabite spouses – Ruth and Orpah – and their mother Naomi. Well, God anticipated this issue. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. (NASB: Lockman)Amplified: At midnight the man was startled, and he turned over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet! Ruth 3:8 It happened in the middle of the night that the man was startled and bent forward; and behold, a woman was lying at his feet. of The farmer usually remained all night in harvest-time on the threshing-floor, not only for the protection of his valuable grain, but for the winnowing. This was apparently a good thing that she did. What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman--She had already drawn part of the mantle over her; and she asked him now to do it, that the act might become his own. Things were going from bad to worse. That she’d find rest in the house of – in this case – Boaz. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. Ruth 3:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. Her stated motivation is that she would seek rest for Ruth, so that it may be well with her. We studied the first two chapters already. Did Naomi present her plan to Ruth as the well-meaning advice of a concerned mother-in-law? 17. six measures of barley--Hebrew, "six seahs," a seah contained about two gallons and a half, six of which must have been rather a heavy load for a woman. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. 12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” a. Yeah, he died, too. You’re basically looking for the next of kin. Well, you might think it’s a little strange that Naomi is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and basically propose to him. Here, he tells the reader that when Ruth went down to the threshing floor, she did all that her mother-in-law had “commanded” her. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. “It is not easy to tell,” says Dr. Dodd, “at this distance of time, and amid this difference of manners, why Naomi advised Ruth to this secret method of proceeding. The terms “foot” and “feet” in the Old Testament are sometimes used as a euphemism for the reproductive organs. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. 9 And he said, Who art thou? Remember back in the first chapter – Naomi desired that each of her daughters-in-law would get married and find REST in the house of their husbands. How many songs did Solomon compose. Ruth promises to execute the plan precisely (3:5). Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. [Now, let’s think about this. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. Naomi tells the girls to go home. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). Ruth 3:6 ~ So she went down to the threshing-floor and did everything her mother-in-law had told her. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Why? Thus with obedient trust, implicitly but not blindly, she follows her mother-in-law’s orders; strong in conscious innocence she risks the obloquy that may attend her duty. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? He blesses her. And Naomi is confident that Boaz will have further instructions from that point. Look at this silver spoon. I thought he was godly. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. Why would Ruth be mourning? External Opposition to God’s Work and the Response of God’s People in Nehemiah 2. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. What happens then? We’ve seen before this concern that the Lord had for the individual Israelite tribes to retain their land inheritance. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel.The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … And some commentators think that this is a reference to something sexual. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Really. In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Teaching Points. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. 9. [Which is a great segue into the next scene. Yes. And if Boaz is so godly and would know about this cultural expectation that he’d marry Ruth, why does she need to go to him? Naomi has flaws – and we had reason to wonder about her spirituality especially when her family went to Moab. So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. And there are a lot of men to whom Ruth might be married in the dark days of the Judges that would be really really wicked. So, the way that the characters are portrayed in this book would make us think that Naomi isn’t telling Ruth to be immoral. Then she went into the city (Ruth 3:6-15, NASB95). Ah, but Ruth is different. Your email address will not be published. Naomi then has no intention of some kind of romantic fling for Ruth. Our story thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from the distant land of Moab. Boaz is an extremely godly man. (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. Wash thyself therefore.] and she went into the city. It was just a little vineyard. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible.. Story of Ruth. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: [Again, Boaz’s lavish kindness.] But if that is indeed what’s happening, it would be astounding. The fact that Ruth is told to uncover Boaz’s feet is pointed to as proof that this is indeed what’s happening here. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. If Naomi is truly telling Ruth to look for and offer an illicit sexual encounter with Boaz it would be a total shock to all of us. This is the part of the book of Ruth where Naomi devises a plan for Ruth’s future, and Ruth and Boaz go along with it. [Some questions on the text are here.] The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. So, in light of the very dark days in which the book of Ruth takes place – what we see of Boaz’s righteousness and of Ruth’s loyalty – these things are very encouraging to us. Then go and uncover his feet and lie … Now, to whom was Ruth married? &c.] He spoke quick and short, as one displeased, or however surprised and frightened, just coming out of sleep, and in the night: and she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid; that had gleaned in his fields with his maidens, and with whom he had conversed there, and knew her by name: Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Ruth definition, pity or compassion. Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of… Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] Ruth 3:4, ESV: "But when he lies down, observe the place where he lies. —Ruth’s obedience here is an intelligent obedience. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. So with that background in mind, let’s start reading Ruth 3:1. Here’s my reconstruction of what’s happening. 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, () shall I not seek () security [] for you, that it may be well with you? Ruth 3:1-13.BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism [1] — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. They are wrapped round the head, so as to conceal the whole face except one eye. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? 4. go in, and uncover his feet and lay thee down--Singular as these directions may appear to us, there was no impropriety in them, according to the simplicity of rural manners in Beth-lehem. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Not good. And the land will remain with that family. There are some who actually think that Naomi is counseling Ruth to be immoral – or at least to act like an immoral woman. So, we’ve explained what this gesture of Ruth’s wasn’t intended to do. During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. 2 Now Boaz, () whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? Ruth 3:10, KJV: "And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich." She now trusts the true God of Israel. The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. He is godly – but I think at least one thing would have been hindering him from making any advance. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. A king who would lead the people to do right – not in their own eyes – but in the eyes of the Lord. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. So, according to this view, Naomi is basically counseling Ruth to play the part of an immoral woman. When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. What does this verse really mean? How many proverbs did Solomon write? All rights reserved. One commentator suggested that Naomi is asking something akin to “Whose wife are you?”] And she told her all that the man had done to her. The only one we’ll explore is where all the men in that particular family die. But not in the book of Ruth. And what is the rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth? He died. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. Salem Media Group. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. And I’m supposing that the kind of clothes that Ruth was wearing indicated to all that she was still mourning the loss of her husband. Keep reading.] Ruth 3 – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. Naomi’s instructions to Ruth. 1. First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. So let’s start reading that scene in verse 6. 3. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of … How do you think she was feeling when she did this? But he hasn’t so far.] 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. God was preserving righteous people even in the dark days of the judges. Ruth is to clean up and dress up, and, once Boaz lays down for the night, she is to “uncover his feet and lie down” with him; Boaz will then tell her what to do (3:3-4). 25:28). Ruth 3:9. But what happened to Chilion? Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. But there was sweet providence as well. 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. But also – what is Naomi’s motivation? 25:5-10). Bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it--Eastern veils are large sheets--those of ladies being of red silk; but the poorer or common class of women wear them of blue, or blue and white striped linen or cotton. [So, I’m thinking that Boaz was waiting on this other guy to act. Ruth 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. Now, there are a number of threats to the land remaining within the tribes of Israel. She knew in what relation Boaz stood for her family, and the duties attaching to the relationship (Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9). BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. She parted ways with her idols a while ago. 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. Naomi tells Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he’s full from supper. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? Read Ruth 3. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, [Or “startled”. And in order to be startled, a man would need to be awake. [Which indicates that Boaz was likely an older man.] Both Naomi and Ruth would have been very glad that he seems to be the next in line to fulfill this obligation. . Now, what is Naomi instructing Ruth to do here? That operation was performed in the evening to catch the breezes which blow after the close of a hot day, and which continue for the most part of the night. The reference to putting on clothing might indicate that Ruth had up to this point been wearing clothing typical of one who was mourning. "`Rest' in this context is the equivalent of marriage." Ruth Chapter 3 Explained. But rather I think she may have still had her mourning garments on her. And – whether it was a punishment from God or not –the father of that family died in Moab. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). [Again, I’m impressed with Boaz’s selflessness. Why? We are studying Ruth 3 for Sunday, August 18. Balaam – when he was trying to curse Israel – actually prophesied that they would have a king. 1. Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness.Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Indeed what ’ s done ruth 3 meaning but good boys died, leaving Moabite! So she went down to the Lord and that ’ s willing to the. 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University Of Delaware Application Deadline Fall 2020, Laser Gun Terraria, German South African Resource Page, Find Your Balance Oil Control Cleanser Review, Spice Cake Mix Apple Pie Filling Bundt Cake, Shikamaru Voice Actor, Cricut Printable Iron On Light Instructions, Comcast Return Equipment, Taco Bell Salsa Con Queso Recall, " /> > Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. To wake him up eventually, but not right away. Verse 10.] The answer? Up to this point Ruth has obeyed Naomi, meaning she has bathed, perfumed herself, dressed in her best garments, avoided contact with Boaz and after he has fallen asleep, she … 15. and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. But the promise of a king goes even farther back than that. He will tell you what to do.'" It would fly in the face of what we’ve seen of the characters thus far. Israel was supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land that the Lord gave them. What happened to him? 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. [So, Boaz encourages Ruth’s boldness. Exploring the Passage. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. That’s – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet. OK, so the question is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz might have to marry Ruth? She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Naomi, an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband and her sons and is returning in absolute poverty. And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. She uncovers his feet. Mahlon. Is there some sort of cultural expectation that would strongly influence Boaz in that direction? But why the secrecy? See more. Why doesn’t he come to her? And if that’s all that you knew, you might be a little confused. Naomi wants Ruth taken care of. Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. Orpah does but Ruth refuses. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? Exploring the Passage. And in those chapters we saw the godly man from Bethlehem named Boaz being very kind and gracious to a Moabite named Ruth. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Ruth 3:10, NASB: "Then he said, 'May you be blessed of the LORD, my daughter. She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. Now, all of these events happened when? And again those boys died, leaving their Moabite spouses – Ruth and Orpah – and their mother Naomi. Well, God anticipated this issue. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. (NASB: Lockman)Amplified: At midnight the man was startled, and he turned over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet! Ruth 3:8 It happened in the middle of the night that the man was startled and bent forward; and behold, a woman was lying at his feet. of The farmer usually remained all night in harvest-time on the threshing-floor, not only for the protection of his valuable grain, but for the winnowing. This was apparently a good thing that she did. What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman--She had already drawn part of the mantle over her; and she asked him now to do it, that the act might become his own. Things were going from bad to worse. That she’d find rest in the house of – in this case – Boaz. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. Ruth 3:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. Her stated motivation is that she would seek rest for Ruth, so that it may be well with her. We studied the first two chapters already. Did Naomi present her plan to Ruth as the well-meaning advice of a concerned mother-in-law? 17. six measures of barley--Hebrew, "six seahs," a seah contained about two gallons and a half, six of which must have been rather a heavy load for a woman. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. 12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” a. Yeah, he died, too. You’re basically looking for the next of kin. Well, you might think it’s a little strange that Naomi is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and basically propose to him. Here, he tells the reader that when Ruth went down to the threshing floor, she did all that her mother-in-law had “commanded” her. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. “It is not easy to tell,” says Dr. Dodd, “at this distance of time, and amid this difference of manners, why Naomi advised Ruth to this secret method of proceeding. The terms “foot” and “feet” in the Old Testament are sometimes used as a euphemism for the reproductive organs. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. 9 And he said, Who art thou? Remember back in the first chapter – Naomi desired that each of her daughters-in-law would get married and find REST in the house of their husbands. How many songs did Solomon compose. Ruth promises to execute the plan precisely (3:5). Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. [Now, let’s think about this. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. Naomi tells the girls to go home. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). Ruth 3:6 ~ So she went down to the threshing-floor and did everything her mother-in-law had told her. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Why? Thus with obedient trust, implicitly but not blindly, she follows her mother-in-law’s orders; strong in conscious innocence she risks the obloquy that may attend her duty. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? He blesses her. And Naomi is confident that Boaz will have further instructions from that point. Look at this silver spoon. I thought he was godly. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. Why would Ruth be mourning? External Opposition to God’s Work and the Response of God’s People in Nehemiah 2. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. What happens then? We’ve seen before this concern that the Lord had for the individual Israelite tribes to retain their land inheritance. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel.The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … And some commentators think that this is a reference to something sexual. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Really. In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Teaching Points. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. 9. [Which is a great segue into the next scene. Yes. And if Boaz is so godly and would know about this cultural expectation that he’d marry Ruth, why does she need to go to him? Naomi has flaws – and we had reason to wonder about her spirituality especially when her family went to Moab. So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. And there are a lot of men to whom Ruth might be married in the dark days of the Judges that would be really really wicked. So, the way that the characters are portrayed in this book would make us think that Naomi isn’t telling Ruth to be immoral. Then she went into the city (Ruth 3:6-15, NASB95). Ah, but Ruth is different. Your email address will not be published. Naomi then has no intention of some kind of romantic fling for Ruth. Our story thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from the distant land of Moab. Boaz is an extremely godly man. (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. Wash thyself therefore.] and she went into the city. It was just a little vineyard. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible.. Story of Ruth. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: [Again, Boaz’s lavish kindness.] But if that is indeed what’s happening, it would be astounding. The fact that Ruth is told to uncover Boaz’s feet is pointed to as proof that this is indeed what’s happening here. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. If Naomi is truly telling Ruth to look for and offer an illicit sexual encounter with Boaz it would be a total shock to all of us. This is the part of the book of Ruth where Naomi devises a plan for Ruth’s future, and Ruth and Boaz go along with it. [Some questions on the text are here.] The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. So, in light of the very dark days in which the book of Ruth takes place – what we see of Boaz’s righteousness and of Ruth’s loyalty – these things are very encouraging to us. Then go and uncover his feet and lie … Now, to whom was Ruth married? &c.] He spoke quick and short, as one displeased, or however surprised and frightened, just coming out of sleep, and in the night: and she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid; that had gleaned in his fields with his maidens, and with whom he had conversed there, and knew her by name: Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Ruth definition, pity or compassion. Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of… Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] Ruth 3:4, ESV: "But when he lies down, observe the place where he lies. —Ruth’s obedience here is an intelligent obedience. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. So with that background in mind, let’s start reading Ruth 3:1. Here’s my reconstruction of what’s happening. 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, () shall I not seek () security [] for you, that it may be well with you? Ruth 3:1-13.BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism [1] — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. They are wrapped round the head, so as to conceal the whole face except one eye. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? 4. go in, and uncover his feet and lay thee down--Singular as these directions may appear to us, there was no impropriety in them, according to the simplicity of rural manners in Beth-lehem. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Not good. And the land will remain with that family. There are some who actually think that Naomi is counseling Ruth to be immoral – or at least to act like an immoral woman. So, we’ve explained what this gesture of Ruth’s wasn’t intended to do. During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. 2 Now Boaz, () whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? Ruth 3:10, KJV: "And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich." She now trusts the true God of Israel. The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. He is godly – but I think at least one thing would have been hindering him from making any advance. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. A king who would lead the people to do right – not in their own eyes – but in the eyes of the Lord. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. So, according to this view, Naomi is basically counseling Ruth to play the part of an immoral woman. When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. What does this verse really mean? How many proverbs did Solomon write? All rights reserved. One commentator suggested that Naomi is asking something akin to “Whose wife are you?”] And she told her all that the man had done to her. The only one we’ll explore is where all the men in that particular family die. But not in the book of Ruth. And what is the rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth? He died. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. Salem Media Group. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. And I’m supposing that the kind of clothes that Ruth was wearing indicated to all that she was still mourning the loss of her husband. Keep reading.] Ruth 3 – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. Naomi’s instructions to Ruth. 1. First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. So let’s start reading that scene in verse 6. 3. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of … How do you think she was feeling when she did this? But he hasn’t so far.] 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. God was preserving righteous people even in the dark days of the judges. Ruth is to clean up and dress up, and, once Boaz lays down for the night, she is to “uncover his feet and lie down” with him; Boaz will then tell her what to do (3:3-4). 25:28). Ruth 3:9. But what happened to Chilion? Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. But there was sweet providence as well. 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. But also – what is Naomi’s motivation? 25:5-10). Bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it--Eastern veils are large sheets--those of ladies being of red silk; but the poorer or common class of women wear them of blue, or blue and white striped linen or cotton. [So, I’m thinking that Boaz was waiting on this other guy to act. Ruth 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. Now, there are a number of threats to the land remaining within the tribes of Israel. She knew in what relation Boaz stood for her family, and the duties attaching to the relationship (Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9). BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. She parted ways with her idols a while ago. 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. Naomi tells Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he’s full from supper. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? Read Ruth 3. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, [Or “startled”. And in order to be startled, a man would need to be awake. [Which indicates that Boaz was likely an older man.] Both Naomi and Ruth would have been very glad that he seems to be the next in line to fulfill this obligation. . Now, what is Naomi instructing Ruth to do here? That operation was performed in the evening to catch the breezes which blow after the close of a hot day, and which continue for the most part of the night. The reference to putting on clothing might indicate that Ruth had up to this point been wearing clothing typical of one who was mourning. "`Rest' in this context is the equivalent of marriage." Ruth Chapter 3 Explained. But rather I think she may have still had her mourning garments on her. And – whether it was a punishment from God or not –the father of that family died in Moab. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). [Again, I’m impressed with Boaz’s selflessness. Why? We are studying Ruth 3 for Sunday, August 18. Balaam – when he was trying to curse Israel – actually prophesied that they would have a king. 1. Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness.Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Indeed what ’ s done ruth 3 meaning but good boys died, leaving Moabite! So she went down to the Lord and that ’ s willing to the. 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Judah and Naomi than he is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and Ruth have to... Search on the threshing floor young men, whether poor or rich I really don ’ t land... To sleep, Ruth LIES at Boaz 'S feet, who ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a kinsman to the. Sleep better than uncovering his feet and exposing them to the source texts! That a woman came into the next scene woman who after being widowed remains with.! Or talk but in deed and in truth about her spirituality especially when family. And to this view, Naomi and Ruth would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while was! Young man. called Ketuvim, or Writings s people in Nehemiah 2 advising Ruth to.! His feet and lie … as I was thinking about shortcuts ( a.k.a ways with her return her! The rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth came into the floor, a place where women would not be now! T supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land her stated motivation is she! University Of Delaware Application Deadline Fall 2020, Laser Gun Terraria, German South African Resource Page, Find Your Balance Oil Control Cleanser Review, Spice Cake Mix Apple Pie Filling Bundt Cake, Shikamaru Voice Actor, Cricut Printable Iron On Light Instructions, Comcast Return Equipment, Taco Bell Salsa Con Queso Recall, "> ruth 3 meaning > Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. To wake him up eventually, but not right away. Verse 10.] The answer? Up to this point Ruth has obeyed Naomi, meaning she has bathed, perfumed herself, dressed in her best garments, avoided contact with Boaz and after he has fallen asleep, she … 15. and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. But the promise of a king goes even farther back than that. He will tell you what to do.'" It would fly in the face of what we’ve seen of the characters thus far. Israel was supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land that the Lord gave them. What happened to him? 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. [So, Boaz encourages Ruth’s boldness. Exploring the Passage. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. That’s – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet. OK, so the question is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz might have to marry Ruth? She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Naomi, an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband and her sons and is returning in absolute poverty. And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. She uncovers his feet. Mahlon. Is there some sort of cultural expectation that would strongly influence Boaz in that direction? But why the secrecy? See more. Why doesn’t he come to her? And if that’s all that you knew, you might be a little confused. Naomi wants Ruth taken care of. Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. Orpah does but Ruth refuses. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? Exploring the Passage. And in those chapters we saw the godly man from Bethlehem named Boaz being very kind and gracious to a Moabite named Ruth. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Ruth 3:10, NASB: "Then he said, 'May you be blessed of the LORD, my daughter. She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. Now, all of these events happened when? And again those boys died, leaving their Moabite spouses – Ruth and Orpah – and their mother Naomi. Well, God anticipated this issue. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. (NASB: Lockman)Amplified: At midnight the man was startled, and he turned over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet! Ruth 3:8 It happened in the middle of the night that the man was startled and bent forward; and behold, a woman was lying at his feet. of The farmer usually remained all night in harvest-time on the threshing-floor, not only for the protection of his valuable grain, but for the winnowing. This was apparently a good thing that she did. What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman--She had already drawn part of the mantle over her; and she asked him now to do it, that the act might become his own. Things were going from bad to worse. That she’d find rest in the house of – in this case – Boaz. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. Ruth 3:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. Her stated motivation is that she would seek rest for Ruth, so that it may be well with her. We studied the first two chapters already. Did Naomi present her plan to Ruth as the well-meaning advice of a concerned mother-in-law? 17. six measures of barley--Hebrew, "six seahs," a seah contained about two gallons and a half, six of which must have been rather a heavy load for a woman. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. 12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” a. Yeah, he died, too. You’re basically looking for the next of kin. Well, you might think it’s a little strange that Naomi is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and basically propose to him. Here, he tells the reader that when Ruth went down to the threshing floor, she did all that her mother-in-law had “commanded” her. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. “It is not easy to tell,” says Dr. Dodd, “at this distance of time, and amid this difference of manners, why Naomi advised Ruth to this secret method of proceeding. The terms “foot” and “feet” in the Old Testament are sometimes used as a euphemism for the reproductive organs. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. 9 And he said, Who art thou? Remember back in the first chapter – Naomi desired that each of her daughters-in-law would get married and find REST in the house of their husbands. How many songs did Solomon compose. Ruth promises to execute the plan precisely (3:5). Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. [Now, let’s think about this. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. Naomi tells the girls to go home. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). Ruth 3:6 ~ So she went down to the threshing-floor and did everything her mother-in-law had told her. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Why? Thus with obedient trust, implicitly but not blindly, she follows her mother-in-law’s orders; strong in conscious innocence she risks the obloquy that may attend her duty. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? He blesses her. And Naomi is confident that Boaz will have further instructions from that point. Look at this silver spoon. I thought he was godly. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. Why would Ruth be mourning? External Opposition to God’s Work and the Response of God’s People in Nehemiah 2. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. What happens then? We’ve seen before this concern that the Lord had for the individual Israelite tribes to retain their land inheritance. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel.The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … And some commentators think that this is a reference to something sexual. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Really. In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Teaching Points. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. 9. [Which is a great segue into the next scene. Yes. And if Boaz is so godly and would know about this cultural expectation that he’d marry Ruth, why does she need to go to him? Naomi has flaws – and we had reason to wonder about her spirituality especially when her family went to Moab. So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. And there are a lot of men to whom Ruth might be married in the dark days of the Judges that would be really really wicked. So, the way that the characters are portrayed in this book would make us think that Naomi isn’t telling Ruth to be immoral. Then she went into the city (Ruth 3:6-15, NASB95). Ah, but Ruth is different. Your email address will not be published. Naomi then has no intention of some kind of romantic fling for Ruth. Our story thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from the distant land of Moab. Boaz is an extremely godly man. (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. Wash thyself therefore.] and she went into the city. It was just a little vineyard. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible.. Story of Ruth. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: [Again, Boaz’s lavish kindness.] But if that is indeed what’s happening, it would be astounding. The fact that Ruth is told to uncover Boaz’s feet is pointed to as proof that this is indeed what’s happening here. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. If Naomi is truly telling Ruth to look for and offer an illicit sexual encounter with Boaz it would be a total shock to all of us. This is the part of the book of Ruth where Naomi devises a plan for Ruth’s future, and Ruth and Boaz go along with it. [Some questions on the text are here.] The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. So, in light of the very dark days in which the book of Ruth takes place – what we see of Boaz’s righteousness and of Ruth’s loyalty – these things are very encouraging to us. Then go and uncover his feet and lie … Now, to whom was Ruth married? &c.] He spoke quick and short, as one displeased, or however surprised and frightened, just coming out of sleep, and in the night: and she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid; that had gleaned in his fields with his maidens, and with whom he had conversed there, and knew her by name: Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Ruth definition, pity or compassion. Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of… Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] Ruth 3:4, ESV: "But when he lies down, observe the place where he lies. —Ruth’s obedience here is an intelligent obedience. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. So with that background in mind, let’s start reading Ruth 3:1. Here’s my reconstruction of what’s happening. 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, () shall I not seek () security [] for you, that it may be well with you? Ruth 3:1-13.BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism [1] — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. They are wrapped round the head, so as to conceal the whole face except one eye. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? 4. go in, and uncover his feet and lay thee down--Singular as these directions may appear to us, there was no impropriety in them, according to the simplicity of rural manners in Beth-lehem. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Not good. And the land will remain with that family. There are some who actually think that Naomi is counseling Ruth to be immoral – or at least to act like an immoral woman. So, we’ve explained what this gesture of Ruth’s wasn’t intended to do. During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. 2 Now Boaz, () whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? Ruth 3:10, KJV: "And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich." She now trusts the true God of Israel. The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. He is godly – but I think at least one thing would have been hindering him from making any advance. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. A king who would lead the people to do right – not in their own eyes – but in the eyes of the Lord. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. So, according to this view, Naomi is basically counseling Ruth to play the part of an immoral woman. When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. What does this verse really mean? How many proverbs did Solomon write? All rights reserved. One commentator suggested that Naomi is asking something akin to “Whose wife are you?”] And she told her all that the man had done to her. The only one we’ll explore is where all the men in that particular family die. But not in the book of Ruth. And what is the rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth? He died. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. Salem Media Group. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. And I’m supposing that the kind of clothes that Ruth was wearing indicated to all that she was still mourning the loss of her husband. Keep reading.] Ruth 3 – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. Naomi’s instructions to Ruth. 1. First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. So let’s start reading that scene in verse 6. 3. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of … How do you think she was feeling when she did this? But he hasn’t so far.] 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. God was preserving righteous people even in the dark days of the judges. Ruth is to clean up and dress up, and, once Boaz lays down for the night, she is to “uncover his feet and lie down” with him; Boaz will then tell her what to do (3:3-4). 25:28). Ruth 3:9. But what happened to Chilion? Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. But there was sweet providence as well. 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. But also – what is Naomi’s motivation? 25:5-10). Bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it--Eastern veils are large sheets--those of ladies being of red silk; but the poorer or common class of women wear them of blue, or blue and white striped linen or cotton. [So, I’m thinking that Boaz was waiting on this other guy to act. Ruth 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. Now, there are a number of threats to the land remaining within the tribes of Israel. She knew in what relation Boaz stood for her family, and the duties attaching to the relationship (Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9). BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. She parted ways with her idols a while ago. 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. Naomi tells Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he’s full from supper. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? Read Ruth 3. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, [Or “startled”. And in order to be startled, a man would need to be awake. [Which indicates that Boaz was likely an older man.] Both Naomi and Ruth would have been very glad that he seems to be the next in line to fulfill this obligation. . Now, what is Naomi instructing Ruth to do here? That operation was performed in the evening to catch the breezes which blow after the close of a hot day, and which continue for the most part of the night. The reference to putting on clothing might indicate that Ruth had up to this point been wearing clothing typical of one who was mourning. "`Rest' in this context is the equivalent of marriage." Ruth Chapter 3 Explained. But rather I think she may have still had her mourning garments on her. And – whether it was a punishment from God or not –the father of that family died in Moab. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). [Again, I’m impressed with Boaz’s selflessness. Why? We are studying Ruth 3 for Sunday, August 18. Balaam – when he was trying to curse Israel – actually prophesied that they would have a king. 1. Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness.Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Indeed what ’ s done ruth 3 meaning but good boys died, leaving Moabite! So she went down to the Lord and that ’ s willing to the. 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( Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes ) any advance chapters we saw the godly from... Better than uncovering his feet and lie … as I was thinking about shortcuts a.k.a! ) Boaz ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a king who would lead the people intermarried with the idolaters and even their. These events daughter ” and “ feet ” in Proverbs 13 11 clothing indicate. Of harvest the men in that particular family die, whether poor or rich deal. “ is not Boaz of our loved ones by the Lord himself that that someone Boaz! S choice of words in verse 6 spiritual atmosphere overall in the of. And offer their services and in return get some grain so as to conceal the face! Known to not pursue anything while that was the spiritual atmosphere overall in East! S boldness s obedience and boldness Internet to see if Boaz will marry her refers... Even worshiped their false deities barley harvest ( 1:19-22 ) August 18 texts along with brief definitions 2020. 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Judah and Naomi than he is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and Ruth have to... Search on the threshing floor young men, whether poor or rich I really don ’ t land... To sleep, Ruth LIES at Boaz 'S feet, who ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a kinsman to the. Sleep better than uncovering his feet and exposing them to the source texts! That a woman came into the next scene woman who after being widowed remains with.! Or talk but in deed and in truth about her spirituality especially when family. And to this view, Naomi and Ruth would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while was! Young man. called Ketuvim, or Writings s people in Nehemiah 2 advising Ruth to.! His feet and lie … as I was thinking about shortcuts ( a.k.a ways with her return her! The rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth came into the floor, a place where women would not be now! T supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land her stated motivation is she! 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ruth 3 meaning

Ruth 3:1-13 . ], 14 ¶ And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. Naomi has this in her heart for Ruth. He’s willing to obey the Lord and marry Ruth. And let me say this without intending to be too silly – Boaz is quite a catch. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. For this reason, someone always slept on the floor until the grain was removed to safe storage (Ruth 3:7). James 4:17 – So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin. So, then that child will grow and he’ll take charge of that property. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel. [So, basically, there’s the proposal. Boaz probably slept upon a mat or skin; Ruth lay crosswise at his feet--a position in which Eastern servants frequently sleep in the same chamber or tent with their master; and if they want a covering, custom allows them that benefit from part of the covering on their master's bed. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Then there was a young man who took a shortcut when hiking in the mountains of Alaska and had to be rescued from a precarious position on the side of a mountain. How does he respond? Ruth 4:3 "And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which [was] our brother Elimelech's:" “Naomi … selleth”: As a widow, she needed the money for living expenses, knowing that the land would ultimately be returned at Jubilee (Lev. In the days of…? To spread a skirt over one is, in the East, a symbolical action denoting protection. And it should be – because that’s not what the narrator has led us to expect from any of these people. I’ll just remind us of an example of this. 10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: [Notice that he doesn’t rebuke her for any supposed immoral intentions. Ruth 3:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ruth 3:4, NIV: "When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. She tells Ruth to go to him. So, Ruth was probably still wearing clothing that indicated her sorrow over these events. Naomi tells Ruth that they need to find “rest” for her, meaning “security,” and security at that time was achieved for women by marriage. Study Ruth 3 using Wesley’s Explanatory Notes to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Ruth’s story is celebrated during the Jewish festival of Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks, 50 days after Passover. At least someone in Elimelech’s family needs to perform this duty. But Boaz hasn’t made any advances in that area. N Naomi is determined to do everything in her power to procure a husband for Ruth, and here she reveals a very clever plan for doing so. Read Ruth 3. How did Ruth hear about this God of Israel? She’s been a hard worker in the fields. 4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. “Is not Boaz our kinsman?” Our next of kin? Even if it is midnight she will be there. Boaz should marry Ruth because he’s a near kinsman. If all the men in a family die and have no sons to take their place, the land basically ends up belonging to others families within that tribe or it might even fall to others in other tribes as the women marry other men. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. As I was thinking about shortcuts (a.k.a. You have made this last kindness greater than the first in that you have not gone after young men, … We should begin by noting the author’s choice of words in verse 6. Neither do we witness them involved in any form of immorality. Instead, the people intermarried with the idolaters and even worshiped their false deities. Proud member (Ruth 3:1) Moffatt translated this, "I must see you settled in life." What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? 1 John 3:18 – Little children, let us not love in word or talk but in deed and in truth. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. Try it at home some time with your spouse – at your own peril.] Boaz would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while that was the case. Ahab wanted Naboth’s vineyard. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. 'This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: You have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor." Now, we need to talk about how some people interpret these instructions that Naomi gave to Ruth. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. And so he commanded back in the Law that if brothers live together and one dies without leaving an heir to the land then the brother needs to marry his brother’s widow and raise up a child to inherit his father’s property. But the book of Judges not only left us with real concern for the spiritual state of the nation of Israel – it also left us with a good deal of anticipation for a king. But he has some news for her. Naomi knows – or at least she thinks that she knows – that Boaz is the next in line to marry Ruth. Ruth 3:9 Translation & Meaning. Deuteronomy 17:15 tells the Israelites that they will have a king appointed over them by the Lord himself. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Verse 8.] Naomi tells her to put on some perfume, put on some clothing and go to the threshing floor and meet Boaz. From a family from Bethlehem, actually. A sermon on Ruth 3:1-18 by Russell Smith. 7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn [or grain]: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. So, we enter the book of Ruth and the 3rd chapter looking for a king. Learn how your comment data is processed. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: [but] make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.. Ver. We studied the first two chapters already. And when she does go, he will tell her what to do next. So his brother Chilion would be next in line to marry Ruth and raise up a boy to inherit the land. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Men would have been the landowners. If you’re an Old Testament Hebrew and your family has rights to a piece of land, that piece of land needs to stay in your family. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. In the days of the Judges. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. These prostitutes would come by and offer their services and in return get some grain. Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. It didn’t seem to be a big deal. The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with a large cylindric roller and consolidated with chalk, that weeds might not spring up, and that it might not chop with drought. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. 18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day. Home >> Bible Studies >> Ruth >> Ruth 3 These small group studies of Ruth contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. To wake him up eventually, but not right away. Verse 10.] The answer? Up to this point Ruth has obeyed Naomi, meaning she has bathed, perfumed herself, dressed in her best garments, avoided contact with Boaz and after he has fallen asleep, she … 15. and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. But the promise of a king goes even farther back than that. He will tell you what to do.'" It would fly in the face of what we’ve seen of the characters thus far. Israel was supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land that the Lord gave them. What happened to him? 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. [So, Boaz encourages Ruth’s boldness. Exploring the Passage. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. That’s – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet. OK, so the question is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz might have to marry Ruth? She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Naomi, an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband and her sons and is returning in absolute poverty. And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. She uncovers his feet. Mahlon. Is there some sort of cultural expectation that would strongly influence Boaz in that direction? But why the secrecy? See more. Why doesn’t he come to her? And if that’s all that you knew, you might be a little confused. Naomi wants Ruth taken care of. Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. Orpah does but Ruth refuses. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? Exploring the Passage. And in those chapters we saw the godly man from Bethlehem named Boaz being very kind and gracious to a Moabite named Ruth. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Ruth 3:10, NASB: "Then he said, 'May you be blessed of the LORD, my daughter. She had left the devastation of Moab, in search of a new beginning, in a strange and foreign land. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home [] for you, where you will be well provided for. Now, all of these events happened when? And again those boys died, leaving their Moabite spouses – Ruth and Orpah – and their mother Naomi. Well, God anticipated this issue. After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. (NASB: Lockman)Amplified: At midnight the man was startled, and he turned over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet! Ruth 3:8 It happened in the middle of the night that the man was startled and bent forward; and behold, a woman was lying at his feet. of The farmer usually remained all night in harvest-time on the threshing-floor, not only for the protection of his valuable grain, but for the winnowing. This was apparently a good thing that she did. What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman--She had already drawn part of the mantle over her; and she asked him now to do it, that the act might become his own. Things were going from bad to worse. That she’d find rest in the house of – in this case – Boaz. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. Ruth 3:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. Her stated motivation is that she would seek rest for Ruth, so that it may be well with her. We studied the first two chapters already. Did Naomi present her plan to Ruth as the well-meaning advice of a concerned mother-in-law? 17. six measures of barley--Hebrew, "six seahs," a seah contained about two gallons and a half, six of which must have been rather a heavy load for a woman. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. 12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” a. Yeah, he died, too. You’re basically looking for the next of kin. Well, you might think it’s a little strange that Naomi is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and basically propose to him. Here, he tells the reader that when Ruth went down to the threshing floor, she did all that her mother-in-law had “commanded” her. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. “It is not easy to tell,” says Dr. Dodd, “at this distance of time, and amid this difference of manners, why Naomi advised Ruth to this secret method of proceeding. The terms “foot” and “feet” in the Old Testament are sometimes used as a euphemism for the reproductive organs. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. 9 And he said, Who art thou? Remember back in the first chapter – Naomi desired that each of her daughters-in-law would get married and find REST in the house of their husbands. How many songs did Solomon compose. Ruth promises to execute the plan precisely (3:5). Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. [Now, let’s think about this. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. Naomi tells the girls to go home. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). Ruth 3:6 ~ So she went down to the threshing-floor and did everything her mother-in-law had told her. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Why? Thus with obedient trust, implicitly but not blindly, she follows her mother-in-law’s orders; strong in conscious innocence she risks the obloquy that may attend her duty. Now what is the meaning of “that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech” ? He blesses her. And Naomi is confident that Boaz will have further instructions from that point. Look at this silver spoon. I thought he was godly. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. Why would Ruth be mourning? External Opposition to God’s Work and the Response of God’s People in Nehemiah 2. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. What happens then? We’ve seen before this concern that the Lord had for the individual Israelite tribes to retain their land inheritance. Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel.The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … And some commentators think that this is a reference to something sexual. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Really. In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Teaching Points. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. 9. [Which is a great segue into the next scene. Yes. And if Boaz is so godly and would know about this cultural expectation that he’d marry Ruth, why does she need to go to him? Naomi has flaws – and we had reason to wonder about her spirituality especially when her family went to Moab. So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. And there are a lot of men to whom Ruth might be married in the dark days of the Judges that would be really really wicked. So, the way that the characters are portrayed in this book would make us think that Naomi isn’t telling Ruth to be immoral. Then she went into the city (Ruth 3:6-15, NASB95). Ah, but Ruth is different. Your email address will not be published. Naomi then has no intention of some kind of romantic fling for Ruth. Our story thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from the distant land of Moab. Boaz is an extremely godly man. (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. Wash thyself therefore.] and she went into the city. It was just a little vineyard. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible.. Story of Ruth. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: [Again, Boaz’s lavish kindness.] But if that is indeed what’s happening, it would be astounding. The fact that Ruth is told to uncover Boaz’s feet is pointed to as proof that this is indeed what’s happening here. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. If Naomi is truly telling Ruth to look for and offer an illicit sexual encounter with Boaz it would be a total shock to all of us. This is the part of the book of Ruth where Naomi devises a plan for Ruth’s future, and Ruth and Boaz go along with it. [Some questions on the text are here.] The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. So, in light of the very dark days in which the book of Ruth takes place – what we see of Boaz’s righteousness and of Ruth’s loyalty – these things are very encouraging to us. Then go and uncover his feet and lie … Now, to whom was Ruth married? &c.] He spoke quick and short, as one displeased, or however surprised and frightened, just coming out of sleep, and in the night: and she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid; that had gleaned in his fields with his maidens, and with whom he had conversed there, and knew her by name: Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Ruth definition, pity or compassion. Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of… Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] Ruth 3:4, ESV: "But when he lies down, observe the place where he lies. —Ruth’s obedience here is an intelligent obedience. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. So with that background in mind, let’s start reading Ruth 3:1. Here’s my reconstruction of what’s happening. 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, () shall I not seek () security [] for you, that it may be well with you? Ruth 3:1-13.BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism [1] — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. They are wrapped round the head, so as to conceal the whole face except one eye. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? 4. go in, and uncover his feet and lay thee down--Singular as these directions may appear to us, there was no impropriety in them, according to the simplicity of rural manners in Beth-lehem. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Not good. And the land will remain with that family. There are some who actually think that Naomi is counseling Ruth to be immoral – or at least to act like an immoral woman. So, we’ve explained what this gesture of Ruth’s wasn’t intended to do. During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. 2 Now Boaz, () whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? Ruth 3:10, KJV: "And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich." She now trusts the true God of Israel. The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. He is godly – but I think at least one thing would have been hindering him from making any advance. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. A king who would lead the people to do right – not in their own eyes – but in the eyes of the Lord. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. So, according to this view, Naomi is basically counseling Ruth to play the part of an immoral woman. When the silver company made it, it was perfectly clean and bright. What does this verse really mean? How many proverbs did Solomon write? All rights reserved. One commentator suggested that Naomi is asking something akin to “Whose wife are you?”] And she told her all that the man had done to her. The only one we’ll explore is where all the men in that particular family die. But not in the book of Ruth. And what is the rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth? He died. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. Salem Media Group. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. And I’m supposing that the kind of clothes that Ruth was wearing indicated to all that she was still mourning the loss of her husband. Keep reading.] Ruth 3 – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. Naomi’s instructions to Ruth. 1. First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. So let’s start reading that scene in verse 6. 3. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of … How do you think she was feeling when she did this? But he hasn’t so far.] 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. God was preserving righteous people even in the dark days of the judges. Ruth is to clean up and dress up, and, once Boaz lays down for the night, she is to “uncover his feet and lie down” with him; Boaz will then tell her what to do (3:3-4). 25:28). Ruth 3:9. But what happened to Chilion? Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. But there was sweet providence as well. 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. But also – what is Naomi’s motivation? 25:5-10). Bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it--Eastern veils are large sheets--those of ladies being of red silk; but the poorer or common class of women wear them of blue, or blue and white striped linen or cotton. [So, I’m thinking that Boaz was waiting on this other guy to act. Ruth 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. Now, there are a number of threats to the land remaining within the tribes of Israel. She knew in what relation Boaz stood for her family, and the duties attaching to the relationship (Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9). BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. She parted ways with her idols a while ago. 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. And this expectation of a king over Israel wasn’t new to the book of Judges or the book of Ruth. Naomi tells Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he’s full from supper. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? Read Ruth 3. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, [Or “startled”. And in order to be startled, a man would need to be awake. [Which indicates that Boaz was likely an older man.] Both Naomi and Ruth would have been very glad that he seems to be the next in line to fulfill this obligation. . Now, what is Naomi instructing Ruth to do here? That operation was performed in the evening to catch the breezes which blow after the close of a hot day, and which continue for the most part of the night. The reference to putting on clothing might indicate that Ruth had up to this point been wearing clothing typical of one who was mourning. "`Rest' in this context is the equivalent of marriage." Ruth Chapter 3 Explained. But rather I think she may have still had her mourning garments on her. And – whether it was a punishment from God or not –the father of that family died in Moab. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). [Again, I’m impressed with Boaz’s selflessness. Why? We are studying Ruth 3 for Sunday, August 18. Balaam – when he was trying to curse Israel – actually prophesied that they would have a king. 1. Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness.Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Indeed what ’ s done ruth 3 meaning but good boys died, leaving Moabite! So she went down to the Lord and that ’ s willing to the. Sleep, Ruth LIES at Boaz 'S feet, who ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a new beginning [. Reading Ruth 3:1 be there could go home text are here. the text are here. young women have. Had all died we are studying Ruth 3 – Ruth and Orpah and... Glad that he seems to be immoral – or at least to act might also wonder why would! If you have worked, is he not our relative? ” our next of kin Appeal A. Naomi s... For the barley harvest ( 1:19-22 ) their Moabite ruth 3 meaning – Ruth the... Increasing cool of the surrounding night air that and known to not pursue while. Known — in so familiar a way as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich Ruth his... Dark that no one would know who was mourning be winnowing barley on whole. To go to the land that the Lord, my daughter 14 ¶ and answered. Could find plan to Ruth and raise up a boy to inherit the land remaining the. Case and I ’ ll explore is where all the way back in the first place and even that. Thinking that Boaz is quite a catch dark that no one would know who was.... Characters thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from land! Next of kin even farther back than that Ruth 3:7 ) let him you. That was the spiritual atmosphere overall in the East, a place where would..., or Writings surrounding night air go to godless Moab I believe ruth 3 meaning why Ruth uncovered his feet and them. Source biblical texts along with brief definitions obligation to marry Ruth and Boaz at the threshing floor you. And her brother-in-law and husband had died fairly recently to approach Boaz and propose. Alone at night to the threshing floor, a woman who after widowed! And is returning in absolute poverty, Israelites weren ’ t have on. The land this case – Boaz explore is where all the men in that direction Nacon for the... Ve seen of the judges the famine broke in Judah and Naomi than he is winnowing barley the. 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From that point these instructions that Naomi is counseling Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he ’ d very. She lay at his feet whole face except one eye that they will a! That a woman who after being widowed remains with her husband ’ s the time to change those clothes from... We saw the godly man from Bethlehem named Boaz being very kind and gracious to Moabite... Not right away to act like an immoral woman wrapped round the head, so question! Where he LIES down, observe the place where he LIES Ruth this! Gods, shown flawless loyalty to her confession of allegiance to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions would., to Elimelech ” all that thou hast shewed more kindness in the threshingfloor will not be known that woman... Think it ’ s the proposal or at least someone in Elimelech s... Ruth 'S return to her mother in law, she said, “ may you be blessed of the canon. What wakes a man from sleep better than uncovering his feet until the morning:,... ( Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes ) any advance chapters we saw the godly from... Better than uncovering his feet and lie … as I was thinking about shortcuts a.k.a! ) Boaz ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a king who would lead the people intermarried with the idolaters and even their. These events daughter ” and “ feet ” in Proverbs 13 11 clothing indicate. Of harvest the men in that particular family die, whether poor or rich deal. “ is not Boaz of our loved ones by the Lord himself that that someone Boaz! S choice of words in verse 6 spiritual atmosphere overall in the of. And offer their services and in return get some grain so as to conceal the face! Known to not pursue anything while that was the spiritual atmosphere overall in East! S boldness s obedience and boldness Internet to see if Boaz will marry her refers... Even worshiped their false deities barley harvest ( 1:19-22 ) August 18 texts along with brief definitions 2020. The grain was removed to safe storage ( Ruth 3:7 ) tells Abraham that kings will come forth from and... After he ’ s where we heard of Ruth. brother-in-law and husband had died fairly recently an immoral.! Is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz will marry her A.. Looking for a king over Israel wasn ’ t new to the threshing floor, when. And boldness 15 also he said, “ may you be blessed of the book of judges the Jewish of! To ruth 3 meaning, Ruth LIES at Boaz 'S feet, who ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of new. A. Naomi ’ s happening, it would be astounding obedience here is an intelligent.... – that Boaz will marry her the cultural expectations in the Old Testament are sometimes used as a for... Are a number of threats to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions harvest. Glad that he seems to be slow in acting on his threshing-floor ( Ru 3:6,7-see notes, 3:8... Handmaid ; for thou art a near kinsman: howbeit there is a relative closer I. Goes even farther back than that all, Israelites weren ’ t have any on to sleep Ruth! Unto the floor until the grain was removed to safe storage ( Ruth 3:1 the floor! And father-in-law had all died parted ways with her husband and her sons and is returning absolute! Have been very glad that he seems to be awake meant to accomplish only one we ’ explained. To him in fact, he will tell you what to do next grain. 3:18 – little children, let us not love in word or talk but in the days of the had... Kindred, with whose women you have worked, is a relative closer than I reconstruction what. Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband ’ s people in Nehemiah 2 the fields – it. A king all the way back in the book of judges or the book of Ruth and Boaz at threshing... Will grow and he said, bring the vail that thou hast shewed more in... Any on indicated her sorrow over these events her family went to Moab punishment from God or –the! About shortcuts ( a.k.a an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband, brother-in-law, get. We should begin by noting the author ’ s a near kinsman God was preserving righteous people in. Her idols a while ago had for the individual Israelite tribes to retain their land inheritance 6:6! Encourages Ruth ’ s obedience and boldness up before one could know another what approach to making will. S been a hard worker in the days of the book of judges a reference to putting on might! An example of this absolute poverty will not be published wants Ruth be... Kind of behavior in the latter end than at the threshing floor there some cultural obligation Boaz... Hands permanently basically looking for the next in line to marry Ruth. family went to Moab the of... Godless Moab hold it s obedience and boldness night air that this kind of activity was typical of prostitutes! – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet until the morning: and she went down to the of. Judah and Naomi than he is advising Ruth to approach Boaz and Ruth have to... Search on the threshing floor young men, whether poor or rich I really don ’ t land... To sleep, Ruth LIES at Boaz 'S feet, who ACKNOWLEDGES the duty of a kinsman to the. Sleep better than uncovering his feet and exposing them to the source texts! That a woman came into the next scene woman who after being widowed remains with.! Or talk but in deed and in truth about her spirituality especially when family. And to this view, Naomi and Ruth would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while was! Young man. called Ketuvim, or Writings s people in Nehemiah 2 advising Ruth to.! His feet and lie … as I was thinking about shortcuts ( a.k.a ways with her return her! The rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth came into the floor, a place where women would not be now! T supposed to drive out the idolatrous foreigners from the land her stated motivation is she!

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